Playwright vs Cypress: Get the most out of E2E testing

vs Cypress:
get the most
out of
E2E testing

Learn how to unlock your business potential with Cypress and Playwright.

Not so long ago, Cypress was one of the most popular testing options, but that’s changed with the rise of Playwright. Although these end-to-end (E2E) testing tools share lots of similarities, they are far from being interchangeable. Cypress or Playwright? How do different development teams choose between the two? And, how can these testing frameworks transform your business? In this article, we will analyze both Cypress and Playwright, focusing on their differences and figuring out how to find an instrument that will seamlessly suit the needs of your project.

An overview of the frameworks

Cypress and Playwright are two E2E testing tools that are used to test web applications. Cypress is a JavaScript-based and open-source testing tool that also supports the Mocha test framework and offers advanced testing options for both unit tests and integration tests. Meanwhile, Playwright is a Node.js-based testing framework that provides similar features and allows emulating mobile devices, geolocation, and permissions. It is a relatively new testing tool that was created by the team at Microsoft as an instrument to automate UI testing for web applications. Playwright is based on Puppeteer, a popular tool for testing web applications. It also offers a headless mode for testing in Continuous Integration (CI)/Continuous Delivery (CD) pipelines, allowing for a faster product release.

Why opt for E2E testing?

Before choosing the right tool for your business, let’s take a closer look at why companies implement E2E testing in the first place. Below are some of the opportunities that can maximize the value of your product:

  • Automate the testing of web applications, making it faster and easier to find bugs and track progress
  • Simulate user interactions to test how an application responds to real-world scenarios
  • Run tests in parallel, allowing for faster test cycles
  • Analyze detailed reports that can help your developer team pinpoint existing problems
  • Adopt existing CI/CD pipelines, ensuring a seamless testing experience
  • Automate tedious and error-prone tasks, freeing up employees to focus on more productive work
  • Improve data accuracy and consistency by automating data entry and validation
  • Increase customer satisfaction by providing fast and reliable automated testing of customer-facing applications
  • Reduce development and testing time, and cut down on costs by automating testing tasks
  • Enhance software quality by providing comprehensive coverage of functional testing scenarios

In this way, E2E testing empowers companies to use powerful and easy-to-use test automation frameworks that not only set up and maintain tests but also provide robust and reliable test results.

Playwright vs Cypress: Similarities

Both Cypress and Playwright are open-source Javascript-based tools that provide a single API, enabling interactions with web applications across various browser engines. Although they are slightly different in terms of browser support, Cypress and Playwright can run tests in Chromium and Firefox. Additionally, they share numerous functionalities, including screenshots, stubbing requests, and custom view-ports. Suppose you prefer to run tests without a UI interface or want to add your tests into a continuous integration flow. In that case, both Cypress and Playwright allow users to run tests in headless mode. And last but not least, these testing frameworks have frequently updated GitHub repositories, which makes it easier to stay updated on the latest advancements in these testing frameworks.

Cypress and Playwright decrease repetitive efforts and increase confidence in the application. They also include several built-in capabilities that enable the development of robust E2E tests. This number has several functions that allow users:

  • Fast running without intermediary
  • Auto-waiting for elements
  • API testing capability
  • Great debugging capability with developer tools
  • Inject JavaScript into web pages
  • Take screenshots and videos
  • Mocking and stubbing capability of network requests

Both Cypress and Playwright offer an extensive range of options to improve business performance. They can guarantee that the product’s functionality is aligned with the project’s goals. Yet, their implementation requires a comprehensive understanding of the difference between these two frameworks.

Playwright vs Cypress: Differences

With Cypress, users can access a particular folder structure and use a full-package test runner that goes along with the framework. By contrast, users can configure Playwright with the test runner of their choice. Another difference consists in test running. While Cypress runs tests in run-time, Playwright allows you to test in several browsers at the same time. Furthermore, Playwright enables testing across multiple pages and domains and delivers multiple user contexts. As a result, Cypress offers more comprehensive support for web application testing, while Playwright offers more support for cross-platform testing.

Learn how Avenga automated internal budget operations for a leading biopharma enterprise. Success story

Playwright vs Cypress: Which one to choose?

Your decision depends upon multiple factors, including the specific needs of your test suite, the size and complexity of your application, as well as your team’s preferences. Despite their similarities, Cypress and Playwright have different approaches to problem-solving in testing. Below are some of the core parameters that define Cypress and Playwright as contrasting frameworks:Playwright vs Cypress comparison Table 1. Playwright vs Cypress comparison 

With these characteristics in mind, here are a few tips to help you choose between Cypress and Playwright:

1. Playwright is built to enable cross-browser web automation that allows testing Chromium, Firefox and WebKit with a single API.

2. Cypress can be a better plug-and-play framework for testing newbies. It offers a broad community and extensive documentation for users to find solutions to various challenges.

3. Playwright is the right choice if you need to test Webkit browsers or run tests covering scenarios across multiple pages and domains. In this case, you are likely to have some experience in testing.

4. Cypress is a standalone framework that offers everything you need to start implementing E2E testing into your business. It is an easy-to-understand tool that makes debugging fast and reliable.

5. Playwright supports five language bindings, including Javascript, Typescript, Java, Python, and .NET. It empowers users with greater flexibility.

6. Cypress has a dashboard service that makes it easy to track testing reports and recordings. By visualizing this information, you can analyze processes more thoroughly.

Ultimately, the best way to choose between Cypress and Playwright is to evaluate your business’ specific needs and then decide which tool is best suited for a particular project. Playwright overcomes Cypress’ barriers with its versatile functionality and represents recent testing frameworks. Nevertheless, Cypress is a more mature instrument with extensive community support and easily comprehensible documentation.

What are the options for reimagining the Quality Assurance process? Unveil the potential of a Quality Mindset to reduce risk, improve customer experience, and increase revenue.

Closing remarks

Cypress and Playwright are two powerful tools that speed up the product development cycle. Automating web tests and supporting modern web applications, they enable organizations to release software faster and reduce the number of regressions. In addition, Cypress and Playwright create comprehensive test suites that can be run regularly. While choosing between the two frameworks, clearly assess the scope of functionality you are aiming at. Whatever decision you make, Cypress and Playwright remain reliable companions for E2E testing.

Would you like to get a clearer picture of how automated software testing can streamline your product development? Contact us!

Other articles


Book a meeting

Call (Toll-Free*) +1 (800) 917-0207

Zoom 30 min

* US and Canada, exceptions apply

Ready to innovate your business?

We are! Let’s kick-off our journey to success!